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Technology industry
careers guide

Fancy a career in the technology industry? We have all the knowledge and tips to help you become a technology pro.

What is technology?

In an increasingly computerized world, the demand for tech graduates is higher than it has ever been before. With careers ranging from cyber security to web development and software engineering, tech experts can now enjoy diverse and rewarding careers that no longer confine them to the basement repeatedly advising people to ‘turn it off and on again’.

Technology is central to a business’ infrastructure and shapes the way a company works and communicates, making tech experts a valuable asset in almost every industry. With approximately 1.46 million people currently employed in digital companies in the UK, the tech industry is growing fast, and those with the right skill set are in high demand.

How does technology work?

Tech involves anything based around engineering and the applied sciences, typically involving computers and computer systems. In the workplace, tech experts are responsible for designing and running the company website, creating databases for employees to use, managing the office network, fixing any problems and preventing cyber attacks, but in tech-based companies, roles may be more specific and centre on developing areas such as artificial intelligence.

Tech isn’t just code and numbers though, a creative mindset is also essential to overcome problems and make systems even easier to use. Technology can always be improved and it is down to the tech experts to think of new and innovative ways to make communication simpler and more effective. An eye for design is also helpful when creating websites to ensure they are easy to navigate and attractive to look at.

Most of the technology in the workplace can be brought under the category ‘collaboration technology’ which enables colleagues to interact with each other in the office, from home, and from abroad, allowing them to share data and assign tasks. Collaboration technology evolves to fit with changing working patterns, so that people can work from home but still remain in contact with the rest of the office (even if that office is in a different time-zone) allowing for a better work-life balance as well as increased productivity.

Technology examples

  • Basecamp, 2004, (Jason Fried)

  • Mars Rover, Opportunity, 2010 (NASA)

  • StudyBlue, 2009 (Becky Splitt)

Jobs in technology

Requiring advanced coding and mathematical skills, many jobs in tech can also be surprisingly creative, especially web design. A degree in a maths-related subject is the typical entry-route, but many short-courses in coding and an impressive portfolio will also impress potential employers.

Below we’ve listed some of the key roles in tech and all the basic info you should know about them. Find out what happens, the skills you'll need and what you can expect as a starting salary. If you see a job title you like, pop it in your profile so we can match you with employers.

Software developer

Software developers invent and design the technology you use every day and can’t imagine living without. From writing the code to maintaining and updating the system, software developers are in high demand for their skills.

Skills required:

  • Coding
  • Idea generation
  • Logic
  • Psychology


  • Junior software developer
  • Software development manager

Computer Systems Analyst

Combining an understanding of business with technology, computer systems analysts make recommendations to organisations for the best operations systems to use, as well as helping to install them. An understanding of computer hardware, software and networks and how they work together is essential to creating a more workable and fluid system.

Skills required:

  • Advanced knowledge of computer hardware and software
  • Logic
  • Communication
  • Business


  • Junior systems analyst
  • Systems analyst manager

Information Security Analyst

In a society increasingly reliant on technology hackers are becoming a greater security risk. Information security analysts are there to ensure networks are impenetrable by conducting risk assessments, setting up systems for defence and educating staff to avoid unintended disclosures.

Skills required:

  • Problem solving
  • Analytical skills
  • Logic


  • Junior security analyst
  • Security manager

Web developer

The artists responsible for creating websites, web developers combine a strong knowledge of computer coding with design.

Skills required:

  • Coding
  • Design
  • Understanding of client and its target market
  • Logic
  • Communication


  • Assistant web developer
  • Senior web developer
  • Web development manager

IT Management

What do you do when your computer won’t start or your email won’t send? Ask IT of course! This is probably the most familiar branch of IT, who are on hand to fix an organisation’s technical network as well as install and upgrade systems.

Skills required:

  • Problem solving
  • Communication
  • Logic


  • IT Support
  • Senior IT Manager

Artificial Intelligence

TA new branch of technology that is increasingly affecting our lives, artificial intelligence (or AI) gives computers the ability to ‘think’ and ‘learn’ when provided with data. AI is the science behind image and voice recognition software and is likely to grow even more in the next few years. This is usually not an entry-level job, with most artificial intelligence programmers having already gained experience in software development and other computer programming careers.

Skills required:

  • Lots of experience in computer programming
  • Logic
  • Maths
  • Problem Solving


  • Robotics artificial intelligence programmer

Technology companies

Tech experts are needed in almost every company, but some big tech employers are listed below:

  • Thomsons Online Benefits
  • Attenda
  • Avecto
  • Workplace Systems
  • The Test People
  • Netbuilder
  • Equal Experts
  • Softcat
  • Vacancy Filler
  • Clearswift
  • NewVoiceMedia
  • SaleCycle

  • The New Digital Age: Reshaping the Future of People, Nations and Business by Eric Schmidt and Jared Cohen
  • The Shallows by Nicholas G. Carr
  • Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations by Clay Shirky